Periodontal disease is the term for an infection of any of the structures that surround the teeth, like the gums, ligaments, and bone. Gums that are swollen and bleeding are the early signs that the gums may have a bacterial infection. But gum disease can be prevented by taking proper care of both the teeth and gums, by regular exams and cleanings, and even by eating properly.
How to Prevent Gum Disease with Good Oral Hygiene
Good dental habits are the first line of defense in preventing any periodontal disease:
• Use fluoride toothpaste to brush twice a day. Be sure to clean all surfaces of the teeth and brush the tongue. Plaque can build up on the tongue and cause bad breath. It is also the perfect environment for bacteria to thrive.
• Electric toothbrushes, especially one that not only rotates but has an oscillating motion, are better for getting rid of plaque buildup.
• Antiseptic mouthwashes or those that have fluoride are recommended.
• Floss once a day.
• Make regular visits to your dentist
If flossing causes your gums to bleed, this should stop if you follow these steps. The gums will get healthier and be tighter to the teeth.
How to Prevent Gum Disease with a Balanced Diet
Just as eating a nutritious diet can help keep your body be healthy, it can help with the teeth and gums as well.
• An overall healthy diet consists of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains and is also low in saturated fat and sodium. It is important for children whose teeth are still developing to have good nutrition in their diets. Adults also require it to keep their gums healthy and lower the chances of cavities.
• Cheeses like mozzarella, milk, yogurt, and peanuts are good for the teeth because they help remove sugars from your mouth and can help prevent plaque buildup.
• Stay away from sugary foods, particularly sticky foods. The longer the sugar stays on your teeth, the more damage it can cause.
Those who smoke or use spit tobacco should make every effort to quit. They are at a much higher risk of getting a periodontal disease. When they do contract gum disease, it is often more serious and can lead to tooth loss.