High blood sugar levels can be detrimental to a person's health if the issue is not promptly treated. High blood sugar is basically the abnormal increases of glucose levels in the bloodstream.
Many people are under the impression that Diabetes is the only disease that causes this problem, and this is completely false. A variety of illnesses can cause increased sugar levels. In many cases, it can be like a chain reaction effect, where one illness causes another illness, which in turn causes other health problems.
There are many things that cause prolonged high blood sugar levels. Some of these include Cushing's syndrome, oral contraceptives and Diabetes. Temporary high blood sugar level causes include eating foods that are rich in sugar content and even certain IV fluids given at the hospital.
This is common in the summertime if people go in on an emergency basis to be treated for dehydration. Foods that contain a high amount of carbohydrates such as bread or rice can also elevate sugar levels in the blood very quickly.
Cushing's syndrome is an uncommon disorder that manifests when there are abnormally high levels of the hormone cortisol in the bloodstream. This hormone is secreted in the adrenal glands, and aids in the response to anxiety or stress. It also helps to maintain a healthy blood pressure and metabolic rate.
When this hormone is out of whack, serious health issues can arise such as hypertension, chronic fatigue and weight gain. Hypertension is often times dangerous and chronic fatigue can cause a person to be really lethargic to where they don't want to be active to keep from being overweight.
While weight gain is not a health issue by itself, it is a leading contributor to causing diabetes which is a much more serious condition. Type 1 diabetes is not caused by weight. The body simply does not produce very much insulin in this type.
It is suspected that it could be caused by genetic factors or immune problems, but no exact cause can be pinpointed. This type is usually irreversible. Most of the time, people are diagnosed with this type of diabetes when they are children, but there are times when people don't find out until they are young adults.
Type 2 diabetes cases have exploded in numbers over the past couple of decades, mainly due to the epidemic of obesity in the United States. In this type, the body simply can't keep up with insulin production due in part to increased body fat.
Many people do not even realize they have this type. Some people can control this type with diet only, but others may have to have insulin each day if it becomes too severe. The good news about this type of diabetes is that it can potentially be reversible, and cured if a person just loses weight.
If a person is obese, losing just a few pounds will not reverse the disease. A person will need to lose a substantial amount of weight to get the body back on track in producing insulin correctly.