Hedges make a great addition to any garden scene, and have been one of the constants among gardeners, farmers and landscapers for many years. They've come a long way in terms of cultivation, although the theories behind them have existed for a long time.
Prior to the adoption of farming, dead, thorn-heavy plants were held together in a line to serve as protective barriers around an encampment. Once the concept of farming was invented humans would clear sections of woodland, the first instances of land cultivation to create fields. Rarely, small strips of woodland would be left standing to mark territorial boundaries, occasionally found still standing today. Though hedge cultivation has much improved since, their used today is markedly similar.
Though hedge cultivation has much improved since the Bronze Age, they're now found to be far more useful than serving as simple property boundaries, though this use is certainly still central to their popularity among farmers and gardeners. They provide a natural and ornamental way to separate fields and avoid disputes. Interesting to note is the policies of hedge removal Britain undertook during the Napoleonic and World Wars, when the government asked farmers to make more efficient use of fields to aid British self-sufficiency.
Depending on the size of the garden they make excellent screening. Covering up undesirables like boilers or hiding neglected gardens that neighbour your own. In larger properties they can create separate 'rooms' within a single garden, a great feature for those able to take it.
Gardens with a large number of delicate or sensitive plants often require some form of shelter to avoid loss of foliage or toppling in high winds. Hedges work better than normal barriers in many cases, avoiding the turbulence that a solid wall creates. Depending on the thickness of the feature a one and a half meter hedge should cut wind speed by around 50% from eight meters away.
If this feature is important to you then invest in an Evergreen hedge, that doesn't lose its leaves in winter. It's worth noting that they don't simply serve as wind barriers. Most hedges also offer substantial protection from noise pollution, limiting the noise from your garden and cutting back on the sound of nearby animals or vehicles.
They also provide a great home for wildlife, if they are cultivated appropriately. A less formal mixed hedge will be suitable for a wider variety of birds and mammals, creating shelter and sources of food.
Finally, the ornamental value of hedges cannot be underestimated. They haven't proven so popular over time simply due to their utility. A well cultivated hedge can be a beautiful addition to any garden, from technical topiary to flowering hedges.
Terry Bramley is an expert article writer with many years experience however he required the help of English Woodlands, a hedging supplier. Terry chose them due to their in depth knowledge of this industry