Medications Can Decrease and Block Chances of Conception in Men and Women
It is a known fact that many medications can be very harmful when used during pregnancy to the Mother and Unborn Child. What some may not realize is that several medications can also cause sterility and decreased chances of conception for men and women. Many of these drugs will vary by dosage and usage from man to woman and the actual medications will affect each sex differently. There are several over-the-counter drugs that many would be surprised to find can decrease fertility.
Medications Women Should Avoid When Trying to Conceive
Ibuprofen: Anti-inflammatory drugs such as Advil, Motrin or Aleve and generic brands can greatly reduce chances of conception and throw the cycle of egg production into chaos. It is important to stop use right before ovulation, but is safe to take during cramping when the menstrual cycle is active. The drug acts as an anti-inflammatory and can block the productions of hormone-like chemicals that regulates inflammation in the body and also temperature which can affect the menstrual cycle and disrupt the natural patterns.
Antihistamines and Decongestants: Cold and allergy medications can interfere with a woman’s fertility. Decongestants act to dry mucus in the upper respiratory tracts of the mucus membranes. The body though has other areas that have mucus membranes such as the cervix which produces mucus to aid sperm in reaching its destination to fertilize the egg in the uterus. Without the mucus which can be affected by any type of decongestant medications, the sperm will likely not be able to complete its journey. As well antihistamines block the body’s production of histamines which is a chemical that is also playing an important role in the effect of releasing the egg from the ovaries.
Antidepressants: Some antidepressants use a chemical that can increase the hormone prolactin which stimulates milk production after pregnancy. It is common that nursing mothers are less likely to conceive and is relative due to the bodys response of active mothering and delays fertility. The common antidepressant medication that uses a tricyclics will have the most effect on prolactin production.
Steroids: Steroids can vary and two common steroids that can cause infertility are anabolic and corticosteroids. Anabolic steroids are used to boost muscle mass and are used by women frequently now to stay fit. This steroid mimics testosterone and can disrupt the menstrual cycle if used on a regular basis and cause permanent effects. Corticosteroids are used in creams, inhalers and can be taken orally or by injection to relieve symptoms of allergies, arthritis and dermatitis. This steroid is very similar to the hormone cortisol that is produced by the adrenal gland. It can affect the menstrual cycle and ovulation as well when used for long term.
Some of the same medications can affect a male and cause them to have decreased sperm counts such as steroids and antidepressants. Other factors for fertility should be concerned also when taking herbal supplements and other types of histamine blockers used for bowel and ulcer irritations. When trying to conceive several factors can be playing a key role in one’s fertility and all medications or supplements should be discussed with a physician.