The aim of the game is the highest numbers you can with 3 darts with the aim of getting to zero from either 501 or 301. When trying to get to zero you must finish on a double, a triple or a bulls eye.
The dart has been around for centuries and it has been used as a weapon but darts in their common form have not been around for as long. In 1800 Joseph Strutt published records or a game called Blow Point from the 16th century which consisted of people blowing darts through a tube at a target in order to gain points. The game was apparently not recognised as a game of skill or even a sport. It was more commonly used in gambling houses to try and trick their punters into gambling away their money in this game due to how hard it was.
It was in 1819 that somebody first recorded the use of darts in a game and this was called Puff and dart and this was the foundations on the game that we have today. This had similar values to Blow Point as it also involved blowing darts at a target but this target resembled a archery target which was the first sign of the dart board that you now see today. The game was generally used in Inns and Pubs and was seen a pub game instead of a recreational game. It was a few decades later in the 19th century that darts were first used as recreational games as games manufacturers began making targets for this game.
Some people do suggest that Puff and dart evolved from the throwing version of the game that we have today although there are no such records to suggest this. It is recorded however that in 1844 that in a London Pub during a game of Puff and Dart a player accidentally sucked instead of blowing and this resulted in him digesting the dart. This led to his death a few days later and it is suggested that people began throwing the darts from this although this part cannot be confirmed.
The game that we have today apparently originated from the French fairgrounds which had people throwing darts at targets which had numbered segments. This was first recorded in 1900 and from this people began using darts in its common form from then. The French also had their forms of the game which used relatively larger darts which have turkey feathers as flights and these were thrown underarm own 20ft with the aim of hitting a target. This is still played in some parts of France and was extremely popular. The sport in England continued to grow from its birth and by 1937 there were over 10 million darts produced for the English market.
The origin of the dart board is an often disputed one because during the growth of darts in the country different regions tended to use different numbering schemes which led to many theories. It is thought however that the board that is played today has its origins in the fairgrounds of France who tried to make the game about the skill of the player.
This was done by making sure that large numbers were not near each other and consecutive numbers were often far away from each other as well. At that time the darts board was still different to what we have today and it is thought that Thomas William Buckle, a Yorkshire Carpenter, altered the board in 1913 and made it what it is today. Some of the other boards that were around during the early 1900s can still be played in some pubs across the country.
Darts leagues were set up by pubs in 1925 and this is the origin of the leagues that we have today which feature well known players like Phil 'The Power' Taylor who has accumulated 67 championship titles in his 18 year career. People like him are great advertisements for the sport that is normally enjoyed by a 5000 strong crowd.
Jordan Brandon worked closely with BoyzToys in order to produce this article, as the company has a wealth of knowledge on the subject. As a dart wholesaler the company has been dealing with these issues for many years.