Individuals can do much to prepare for emergency situations such as high water or flooding. Domestic flood protection limits or even eliminates damage to the homeowner's property in the case of a flood. Some of the steps require advance preparation while others are often performed in reaction to a flood warning.
Know the Situation
Monitor the National Weather Service for flood advisories. These are commonly broadcast on local commercial radio and television stations. Emergency management personnel for the city or county can also keep you informed. Typically, floods occur during the spring snow melt or after heavy rains.
Move Things Up
If a flood advisory has been issued, move valuable items from low rooms within the house. This often involves removing furniture and other items from the basement but may also require removal of items from the main floor of the home in extreme situations. Move valuables to the highest level of the home or to a safe location outside the flood area.
Check the Pumps
Many homes have sump pump systems in the basement to remove water. Check that the pumps are working and connected to an approved drain or to the outdoors. In some situations, homeowners prefer to have a backup sump pump in case the first pump fails. Once the flood occurs, retailers commonly sell out of pumps and associated hoses. Make sure you have the equipment you need before the flood occurs.
In some situations, some sandbagging may be beneficial as part of a domestic flood preparation plan. Sandbagging small dikes around basement window wells and egress windows prevents overland flood waters from entering the basement through those openings. Sandbagging dikes around ground-level doors, such as garage doors, may also prevent water from entering the house. Depending on the flood situation and community policy, sandbags may be available from local emergency management officials.
Keep a complete record of the actions taken during the flood fighting efforts. Include pictures of dikes or any other precautions you have taken as part of you flood prevention efforts. Document any damage to property with before and after pictures. This information helps establish the amount of damage to the area which is useful to emergency management officials when requesting disaster declarations. It may also be used in claims to the homeowner's insurance policy.
Staying safe is probably the most important aspect of any flood plan. Evacuate the area if requested by emergency officials. If you do shelter in your home during the flood, prepare for a loss of electricity and running water. Make sure you have adequate supplies of food and drinking water if you stay at your home during a flood.
For 15 Years Kevin Williams has restored flood damaged properties ranging from domestic dwellings to commercial factories. In 2010 He set up Floodsense offering his expertise in Flood Prevention Techniques, Systems and Services.For a free E-book and further info on Domestic Flood Protection, professional advice on Flood Prevention from a leading UK flood protection company visit http://www.floodsense.co.uk