Obesity is hard to treat because it is a chronic condition that causes many complications. Obese people continually eat because it takes more food than the average person eats to make them feel full. They also find it difficult to burn off the calories, because they are lethargic and it hurts their body to exercise. They feel short of breath very quickly when engaging in any type of physical activity.
Since obese people already have a severe risk to their health, weight loss surgery is considered safe by most physicians. The health risks to stay obese are much higher than what surgical complications would be to a person's health.
A person must be evaluated extensively in order to qualify for weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery is no minor feat, but it has helped thousands of obese people in their quest to lose weight. This surgery works by changing how the body digests food, and by limiting the amount of food that a person consumes. There are two types of surgery that can be performed for weight loss purposes. These two types are known as restrictive and malabsorptive surgery.
The restrictive surgical process uses techniques to remove a portion of the stomach to make it smaller. A smaller stomach means that it can hold less food, which will cause a person to eat less. The Malabsorptive process involves making portions of the small intestine shorter and alters how it is connected to the stomach. This restricts the amount of food that will be absorbed or digested by the body. Both of these procedures can be performed together in severe cases of obesity.
Just as there are benefits with weight loss surgery, there are risks and complications too. Most patients are thrilled with the fact that instantly after having the surgery performed, they start losing large amounts of weight. This process of rapid weight loss continues for about two years after the surgery, and then it begins to taper off. Some people gain back a small portion of the weight, but nothing to the caliber of what they were prior to the surgery.
After having weight loss surgery, patients will also see a noticeable change in their overall health. Their blood pressure should stabilize, their blood sugar levels will improve if they are diabetic, and their sleep apnea problems that are caused by obesity can be cured. They can gain years of life by losing all of the weight through surgery.
There are some adverse side effects involved with the surgery. These include vomiting, "Dumping Syndrome" which involves food in the stomach traveling to fast through the small intestine and nutrient deficiency problems. Dumping syndrome can cause a person to faint, sweat, and become incredibly weak. Patients can experience dizziness, bloating, gas, Since less food is eaten after the surgery, patients will not get all of the vitamins and minerals that they need to be healthy. It is important for them to take nutritional supplements to regulate their body.
Dangerous complications can also occur, due to the complex surgical process. Weight loss surgery is considered a major surgery. Some patients even have to have further operations to correct issues from the first surgery. Weight loss surgery can cause internal bleeding, hernias, infections and other serious complications. A good number of the patients also develop gallstones due to the quick nature that they drop the weight.
Women who are having the surgery should not become pregnant until a couple of years after the surgery, because nutritional problems from the surgery could complicate the pregnancy.
This surgery is a major undertaking for anyone. People need to understand that the surgery will not be easy, and they will have to make modifications to their life for the rest of their life. They Patients will need to be seen regularly by a physician, will need to stay on a strict diet and will need to supplement their bodies with proper vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. Most weight loss surgery centers will require that a person go through counseling sessions before they will perform the surgery.